The American beech grows in the southern and eastern regions of the United States. It grows in USDA hardiness zones 4-9. They like deep, rich moist, and well-drained soils. They often do not do well in urban areas because of high concentrations of carbon dioxide. These trees grow 90-100 feet tall with a spread of 50-70 feet.
The bark is smooth and pale grey. The leaves are bright green and approximately three inches long. The nuts range in size from 1/2 to 1 inch long. Animals feed on the nuts. They are also sold for food and are very nutritional because of their high oil content.
These trees can live 300-400 years. American colonists used the leaves for mattress stuffing, according to the University of Florida.