European Hornbeam – Carpinus betulus ‘Columnaris’

European hornbeam, also known as common hornbeam, is an attractive medium size tree with dark green summer foliage turning yellow in fall. Leaves are sharply toothed and generally have a neat look because they suffer from few foliage diseases.

Separate male and female flowers are produced on the same tree. Male catkins are 1.5 inches long; female flowers are slightly larger with conspicuous bracts. Fruits are a nutlet which matures early in fall.

This tree is handsome in winter with thin branches surrounding the main leader and bark which has a tight muscular look. Cultivars are extensively used as screens and hedges, around large buildings and in large planting boxes.

Beautifying University City, MO