European hornbeam, also known as common hornbeam, is an attractive medium size tree with dark green summer foliage turning yellow in fall. Leaves are sharply toothed and generally have a neat look because they suffer from few foliage diseases.
Separate male and female flowers are produced on the same tree. Male catkins are 1.5 inches long; female flowers are slightly larger with conspicuous bracts. Fruits are a nutlet which matures early in fall.
This tree is handsome in winter with thin branches surrounding the main leader and bark which has a tight muscular look. Cultivars are extensively used as screens and hedges, around large buildings and in large planting boxes.