Japanese Black Pine is a medium to large needled evergreen tree growing 20-60 feet tall in cultivation. Needles are 2.5-4.5 inches long and are dense, twisting and stiff. The attractive white buds contrast with the lustrous needles. Bark tends to form plates which are purplish/black/ gray.
Trees will tolerate a bit of shade. They prefer rich well drained soil and like most evergreens in St. Louis struggle in heavy clay soils. They are tolerant of salt spray which allows them to be used near roads. They are good accent plants, although they may not be terribly long lived. They also can be used as a bonsai specimen.