Persian ironwood is a single trunk, deciduous tree which can reach up to 20-40′ in height. It normally grows in full sun, but can tolerate light shade and a wide range of soil conditions.
In late winter to early spring, before its foliage emerges, the Persian ironwood puts out flowers with dense, red stamens surrounded by brownish bracts. Its leaves are oval to oblong and up to to 4″ in length. In the spring these are reddish-purple, in the summer a lustrous, dark green, and, finally in the fall, variable shades of yellow, orange and red. The bark of mature trees exfoliates to show green, white or tan patches beneath.